This morning I met with B’s ECSE teacher, this time to go over a Behavioral Intervention Plan (BIP). If you recall, at our last IEP meeting, it was suggested to add this as an overlay to his IEP. Essentially, a BIP just outlines the behavioral issues that may inhibit academic progress and works to improving said issues. It is a required part of the IEP when the behavior box is checked off in the Special Considerations section.
First off, there is a Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA). This is the culmination of “data” collected by observation said behaviors. In B’s case, it was mainly noncompliance and aggression. Ironically, it was not as much attention-based, as originally thought.
B will act out in class, ignores tasks he does not like, and definitely can be aggressive. I know, this sounds so…disturbing. But B has multiple underlying difficulties: spatial relations (i.e., when he touches other kids or how he acts out if you are “in his space”), voice regulation (he is quite loud and has issues controlling volume), keeping to his own agenda (he wants to do his own thing and no one will tell him otherwise).
While the biting tendencies have gone away, it is replaced by kicking or throwing things. And this is a big issue as we move into Kindergarten. Things that are acceptable in a smaller setting will not fly in a “typical” setting. You know that, I know that. B definitely needs to improve how he manages behaviors, especially in things he does not like to do. Otherwise, there will be a lot of Principal Office visits in his future.
So, a series of strategies has been devised to help him. First, using visual schedules in the “IF/THEN” format. Like, “IF” you clean up (with a picture to show this), “THEN” you can have a reward (stickers/smiley faces). Rewarding with smiley faces will accumulate as he works towards a larger reward (like iPad time, buses, etc.). This will help (hopefully) reinforce positive behaviors.
The other big thing is how he works with cooling off. He can be a hothead! At this time, he’s done well with a designated area (with a beanbag, I assume for sensory issues) when he needs to calm down. As long as he knows “where” to go when he’s frustrated/mad/aggressive, then he can still be praised for doing the right thing.
We’ll see what happens. It sounds relatively simple on paper. Everything sounds relatively simple on paper though, right? 😉